Redistricting Across The United States
The Rose Institute of State and Local Government at Claremont McKenna College presents one source to find information on redistricting in all fifty states. Scroll over a state to learn about its redistricting process, and click on a state to go to its individual page with more in-depth information and news coverage of redistricting in the state.
While one might assume that redistricting would be easier in a state with only two congressional districts, the controversy currently surrounding redistricting in Maine proves that such an assumption is far from safe.
In Maine, both congressional and state legislative redistricting begin in the Advisory Apportionment Commission. This is a hybrid model encompassing both private citizens and public officials. Both the speaker of the state House of Representatives and the House minority leader appoint three members of the legislature, and Senate majority and minority leaders appoint two legislators each. Finally, the state chairpersons of each major party (or their private citizen designees) join. Each party’s six members on the commission appoint a private citizen; the two private citizens then choose a third member of the public, rounding out the commission at 15 members.
Even though a Democratic-backed plan to redraw Maine's congressional district line has won a bipartisan advisory panel's support, Republicans say they may use their legislative muscle to push through a more radical plan. But a GOP leader said Wednesday he'd like to avoid that route, which would likely provoke a Democratic lawsuit, and expects the two sides will resume negotiations leading to a consensus plan before the Legislature meets Sept. 27 to take up the matter.
Republicans and Democrats continue to offer competing proposals for redrawing the lines of Maine’s two congressional districts, even with a vote expected today by the panel that will make recommendations to the Legislature. Democrats today issued their third proposal, redistributing towns in Kennebec County to create districts with a population difference of one. Similar proposals offered earlier by Democrats called for population differences of 11 people and three people.
Maine's population grew by 4.2 percent over the past decade, outpacing the Northeast growth rate by a full percent. That's according to new Census figures released today.